Baltimore Region Transit Governance & Funding Study
Baltimore Region Transit Governance & Funding Study
What is the Baltimore Region Transit Governance & Funding Study?
The Maryland Department of Transportation Maryland Transit Administration (MDOT MTA) is one of the few state run transit systems in the country, and like most others, is facing funding challenges. The Baltimore Region Transit Governance & Funding Study will develop potential alternatives for the structure, organization, and funding of public transit in the Baltimore region including scenarios to enhance and balance local jurisdiction engagement and potential contributions to achieve regional and local public transit performance goals. These scenarios will be developed and considered in the context of public transit funding structures in the State of Maryland.
The study is being developed through a collaborative process between the Baltimore Regional Transportation Board (BRTB) members and regional stakeholders, and is supported by research and analysis.
The goal is to develop four (4) potential governance options that are based on an understanding of transit’s historical development in the region, are realistic about constraints, and creative in providing opportunities for change.
Why Was This Project Initiated and How Is It Funded?
Responding to State legislative interest and at the request of the Central Maryland Regional Transit Plan Commission and the MDOT MTA, the BRTB has initiated and funded it with planning funds identified in the Fiscal Year 2021 Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP).
Want to know more? Join us for our second virtual public forum on Tuesday, June 29 from 6 to 7 p.m. to learn about potential alternatives to govern and fund transit in the Baltimore region. Based on research and input from the BRTB, BMC, and other key stakeholders, project team members will present findings from the six month study. These include models for state and local involvement in transit decision making as well as options for expanded funding. The forum is designed so we can hear your thoughts on how these alternatives might benefit transit riders and how they might be implemented in the future.
Public Forum #1 (Tuesday, May 4, 2021, from 6 to 7:30 p.m.)
This event featured a panel discussion with transit professionals and experts from organizations from across the nation who discussed their experience and insight into the transit operations, funding and related issues as well as shared their knowledge on issues related to transit governance. The public forum provided attendees an opportunity to hear directly from national practitioners and transit peers to better understand how Baltimore can take lessons learned here and elsewhere to propose changes that better meet the region’s goals.
- an overview of the Baltimore Region Transit Governance and Funding Study;
- a brief history and explanation of how transit is governed/funded in the Baltimore region;
- a summary of the challenges and opportunities; and
- an overview of next steps.
- The Panelists:
David Bragdon, Executive Director of TransitCenter
Naomi Doerner, Director of Equity and Inclusion, Nelson\Nygaard
Paul Lewis, Vice President of Policy and Finance, Eno Center for Transportation
Diane Jones Allen, Professor, University of Texas, Arlington
Can't make it to the meeting? Take our brief survey below...
History of MDOT MTA and the LOTs System
This is a technical memo, the first in the series, focusing on the history and development of transit services in the Baltimore region. Specifically, this technical memo focuses on the history and development of transit services in the Baltimore region to understand how the existing service network came to be and provides the context for why some regional services are operated by the MDOT MTA and others by Locally Operated Transit Systems (LOTS).
By understanding the historical perspective, we can better understand the transit network, its origins and evolution and its current form.
Review of Current System & Status
This technical memorandum, the second in this series, inventories the existing structures and transit services in the Baltimore region. It describes the organizational and decision-making structure of the agencies responsible for delivering transit services as well as the services operated.
Each section of this technical memo describes the existing structure and services together with implications for regional transit funding and governance. Additional detail on each of the individual systems, summarized into a “service profile” is included as an appendix.
This technical memorandum, the third in a series, leverages the inventory and research carried out in previous tasks to provide a comprehensive financial review of transit systems in the Baltimore region.
The goal of this technical memorandum is to establish a baseline understanding of transit service operational costs, investment needs, and funding in the Baltimore region, including resources provided through the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), the Maryland Department of Transportation (MDOT), and local governments, to establish a foundation for consideration of alternative funding and governance models. The memo compares and contrasts funding in a variety of ways, including by agency (MDOT MTA and Locally Operated Transit Systems), by cost type (operating and capital), by mode, and by jurisdiction, where feasible.
Review of Peer Agencies / Regions
This technical memorandum provides a review of six peer agencies with the goal of establishing a baseline understanding of governance and funding models and compares them to the existing governance structure in use by the Maryland Department of Transportation (MDOT) for the Maryland Transit Administration (MDOT MTA). The results of this review will outline lessons learned and provide potential applications to the Baltimore region. The agencies reviewed are:
- Charlotte Area Transit System (CATS);
- Metro Transit St. Louis;
- Salt Lake City / Utah Transit Authority (UTA);
- Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA);
- SMART (Southeast Michigan); and
- Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA)
Review of Transit Funding Measures
This technical memorandum, the fifth in the series, explores potential transit funding measures to understand both the potential to raise additional funding to support transit and how specific transit funding measures may integrate with different governance models. It explores potential new sources of revenue – at the state, region, county, and city level – to support transit services in the Baltimore region. The memo estimates levels of revenue and compares new funding sources in a variety of ways, including appropriateness to support transit, applicability in Maryland and alignment with potential new governance models. The memo is organized in four sections:
- Transit Funding in Maryland;
- Potential Transit Funding Sources;
- Challenges and Opportunities;
- Implications for Developing Transit Governance and Funding Alternatives.
Options for Governance and Funding
- An overview of how the model would be structured
- A summary of decision-making processes, including participants.
- Funding models, including potential new funding measures
- Key issues and benefits associated with the individual model
- References to where the governance model is used in other communities and regions.
Public and Community Engagement
Public and Community Engagement - There will be stakeholder and community engagement at specific points in the process.
May 4, 2021 - Virtual Public Forum and Panel
June 29, 2021 - Virtual Town Hall on Draft Report
The final report of the Baltimore Region Transit Governance and Funding study can be found here.
Baltimore Region Transit & Governance Study Forum Two
Baltimore Region Transit & Governance Study - Public Forum Two
June 29, 2021 6 - 7 p.m.
Join us for our second public forum to learn about potential alternatives to govern and fund transit in the Baltimore region. Based on research and input from the BRTB, BMC, and other key stakeholders, the project team members will present findings from this six month study. These include models for state and local involvement in transit decision making as well as options for expanded funding. The forum is designed so we can hear your thoughts on how these alternatives might benefit transit riders and how they might be implemented in the future.
What you'll learn about:
An overview of the Baltimore Region Transit Governance and Funding Study;
Draft alternatives for new ways to govern and fund transit in the Baltimore region, including the role of state and local governments, potential new sources of funding and models for decision making;
A summary of the challenges and opportunities; and,
An overview of next steps.
Welcome & Introductions
Why Consider New Alternatives?
Four Potential Models of Governance and Funding